What is ExTiX 14 64 bit?
ExTiX 14 64 bit is based on Debian/Ubuntu. The original system includes the Desktop Environment Unity (Ubuntu). After removing Unity I have installed Gnome 3.10 and Gnome Classic 3.10 (a perfect replacement for Cinnamon). The system language is English.
NEWS ABOUT ExTiX 14 version 140222
1. The ExTiX ISO is now a ISO-hybrid, which means that it can very easily be transferred (copied) to a USB pen drive. You can then even run ExTiX from the USB stick and save all your system changes on the stick. I.e. you will enjoy persistence! I've found two scripts which make the installation to USB very simple. My tests show that they work flawlessly on USB installations of all normal Ubuntu systems. Read my INSTRUCTION how to use the scripts.
2. Another big improvement is that ExTiX 14 can run from RAM. Use Boot alternative 2 (Copy to RAM). When the system has booted up you can remove the disc (DVD) or USB stick. You'll need at least 2 GB RAM to run ExTiX that way.
3. ExTiX is now more stable than ever. All packages have been upgraded to the latest version by 140222.
It is now possible to install Nvidia's proprietary drivers in ExTiX if you want or need it. Please read this instruction.
I've also installed version2.1.1 of Vlc from source to make it possible to run Vlc when logged in as root.
6. I've replaced kernel 3.12.0-7-exton with kernel 3.13.0-9-exton (Kernel.org's latest stable kernel 3.13.3, released 140213).
7. The installation program Ubiquity (live installer) is now working as intended in ExTiX version 140222. I.e. a new user (your user) will be created during the installation process.
My special kernel 3.13.0-9-exton corresponding Kernel.org's kernel 3.13.3 stable.
Feature OVERVIEW for the Linux 3.13 kernel
Program content etc.
Among many other programs Libre Office, Firefox, Thunderbird, GParted, Brasero, Vlc, Gimp and win32 codecs. In addition Java and all necessary additions in order to install programs from source. All programs have been updated to the latest available stable version as of February 22, 2014 >> see a complete list.
The password for live is live. The password for root is root. When logged in as live you can use Sudo to become root. (Command: sudo su). If you want to log in to Gnome 3.10 as root you can do so. Sign in as root with password root. Click first on "Not listed?" on GDM's login screen.
A general truth: If an original system can run on a particular computer an "Exton remaster" of the same original system can run on the same computer. I never change a Linux system for the worse in terms of auto configuration and hardware detection, etc. It happens that I replace the original kernel, but always to a "better" one with even more native support for various hardware etc. (Which I have done in this case).
One big difference in ExTiX 14 though: There is a password for root (and you can log in as root to Gnome). After installation to hard drive ExTiX 14 otherwise will behave exactly as any other Ubuntu system. You can even remove root's password (if you want). Command (as root): passwd root -l. Or change it with passwd root.
Installation to hard drive
Note that you in advance (just in case) should create a partition of at least 8 GB for ExTiX 14 and a SWAP space double the size of your computer's RAM. Ie if you have RAM of 1024 MB or less. If you have RAM of 2 GB or more it's enough with a SWAP space of 2 GB. The installation program in ExTiX 14 is otherwise "intuitive". Choose manual partitioning and select the partition you created in advance for installation. SAFE INSTALLATON: Do not change language/locale from default English during installation. NOTE re. ExTiX 14 build 140219: After the installation is ready you'll have to replace /etc/apt/sources.list with this file (sources-extix14.list). First change the name to sources.list. Then run the command sudo apt-get update. After that you can install any new packages or upgrade the whole system. NOTE re. ExTiX 14 build 140222: If you want to add respositories with a command (for example: "sudo apt-add-repository ppa:kubuntu-ppa/backports") you'll have change the first line in /etc/lsb-release to "DISTRIB_ID Ubuntu".
Read my instruction.
Change of locale/language
After a hard drive installation you can (of course) change the default language (English) settings. Login as root and go to System Settings >> Locale Support and install necessary language packages. Apply your settings System-Wide. Then edit /root/.bashrc and change at the bottom of that file en_US.UTF-8 to sv_SE.UTF-8 or your preferred language. Restart your computer and everything should be in your choosen language.
Create new users via System Settings
Go to Applications >> System Tools >> System Settings >> User Accounts. Click Unlock and give the root password. Add a new user with the plus sign. This is something you'll have to do after a hard drive install. (If you want o have your own user/users). One BIG difference from any original Ubuntu system! You can alternatively create a new user with the command adduser MyUser (as root). NOTE: In version 20140219 of ExTiX 14 a new user (your user) is created as intended during the installation process.
Changing the root password
If you install ExTiX 14 to hard drive you should immediately (for security reasons) manually change root's password. This is because the installation program does not ask about a new root password. (Ubuntu original uses no root password). The root password is changed by running the command sudo passwd root. After installing ExTiX to hard drive, you can alternatively remove the root password altogether. This is done with the command sudo passwd root -l.
The ISO file (extix14-64bit-gnome-310-isoh-persistent-1350mb-140222.iso) can be downloaded from the Swedish Linux Society's server.
ExTiX 14 64bit can also be downloaded from SourceForge.net - Fast, secure and free downloads from the largest Open Source applications and software directory.
A third download location for ExTiX 14 is Softpedia.com - the encyclopedia of free software downloads!
md5sum for ExTiX 14 ISO which is of 1350 MB.
How do I run ExTiX?
In order to start from the DVD disc, first adjust the boot list in the BIOS Setup of your computer to boot from CD/DVD (before the hard drive). Put the DVD in and restart the computer. This Boot screen/menu will show after a reboot. Choose Boot alternative 1 (Persistent) or Boot alternative 2 (Copy to RAM). When the system has booted up you can remove the disc (DVD) or USB stick. (If you choose Boot alternative 2). You'll need at least 2 GB RAM to run from RAM. You will run ExTiX as the ordinary user live or root. Root's password is root. There is no password for Live Session User live. (That is for version 140222 of ExTiX 14. In previous versions of ExTiX the password for live is live). ExTiX 14 can also be installed to hard drive. The program is very easy to use. Be sure to have one install partition of about 8 GB ready in advance though. You can also first test to run ExTiX 14 live and then start Ubiquity from the menu (Install ExTiX).
Normally, just start NetworkManager and do your settings. It pops up a box that alerts you that there is a Wireless network to join. Just insert your WAP/WEP password and connect! You can check which Wireless interface is correct by running the command iwconfig. Maybe your Ethernet interface is eth1 or eth2 (instead of eth0). Check with the command ifconfig. Then change in NetworkManager's Preferences and press Refresh!
How do I install and remove programs?
ExTiX/Ubuntu/Debian uses Apt/Synaptic. The most important commands are apt-get update and apt-get install program-name. You can read about package management with Apt HERE. Apt/Synaptic works extremely well. You can also install programs in ExTiX 14 from source using the commands 1) ./configure --prefix=/usr 2) make 3) make install.
CD/DVD-label for ExTiX
Other EXTON Linux Live CD/DVD's in English you may like
Exton|OS 64bit Linux Live DVD » version 140225 based on upcoming Ubuntu 14.04 and Debian Jessie with Mate 1.6.2 and kernel 3.13.0-9-exton
ExTiX 14 64bit » version 140222 based on Debian/Ubuntu with Gnome 3.10 and kernel 3.13.0-9-exton
MeX 64bit Linux » version 140301 based on Linux Mint 16 Petra with Cinnamon 2.0 and kernel 3.13.0-5-exton
LFA (Linux For All) 13.10 64bit DVD » version 140131 based on Ubuntu 13.10 with Mate, four (4) other Desktop Environments and kernel 3.13.0-6-exton
EXTON OpSuS 13.1 Mini/Gnome/KDE Linux live USB » version 140119, 140117 respectively 131124 based on openSUSE 13.1 with Fluxbox/Gnome 3.10/KDE 4.11.3 Desktop environments. Coming as IMAGE files for direct installation on a USB pen drive
ExLight Live DVD 64bit » version 140224 based on Ubuntu 14.04 with Enlightenment 0.17.3 and kernel 3.13.0-9-exton
ArchEX Linux Dual boot 64bit/32bit Linux Live DVD » version 131206 based on Arch Linux with kernel 3.12.3-1-ARCH and LXDE
CruxEX 3.0 64bit 2014 Linux Live USB » version 140108 based on CRUX 3.0 with LXDE and kernel 3.12.6-x86_64-exton
SlackEX 64bit Live DVD » version 140110 based on Slackware 14.1 with KDE 4.10.5 and kernel 3.12.6-x86_64-exton
Exton|Defender Linux Super Rescue System » version 131203 - 64bit - and version 130728 and 130726 - 64bit - based on Slackware 14.1 with Xfce 4.10 and on Fedora 19 with Mate 1.6.1 or Cinnamon 1.9.1
EXTON MultiBootCD 6-OS » version 131115 with six (6) different mini Linux Systems
exGENT Linux Live DVD 64bit » version 140207 based on Gentoo with LXDE and genkernel 3.13.1-gentoo-exton
PuppEX 14.1 Linux Live CD 32bit » version 131212 based on Puppy Linux Slacko 5.6 with LXDE and kernel 3.10.5
DebEX Barebone 64bit Live DVD » version 140227 based on Debian Jessie with LXDE and kernel 3.13.1-amd64
ExTiX >> PayPal
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Screenshot of the standard live Desktop - ExTiX 14 with Gnome 3.10
See also a screenshot of root's Gnome 3.10 Desktop
EXTON distributions: The number of Exton distributions has decreased from 66 (all time high in June 2011) to 14. See a complete LIST. It was a bit too much for me to keep 66 distributions up to date. All Exton distributions on the Swedish Linux Society's FTP Server can be reached HERE. All exton distributions in English (English locale) can also be dowloaded from SourceForge.net.