What is ExTiX 14.1.2 64 bit?
ExTiX 14.1.2 64 bit is based on Debian/Ubuntu 14.04.1 LTS released 140725. The original system includes the Desktop Environment Unity (Ubuntu). After removing Unity I have installed Gnome 3.10 and Gnome Classic 3.10 (in ExTiX 14.1.2, build 140804) respectively Razor-qt 0.5.2 (in ExTiX Light, build 140815). The system language is English in both versions of ExTiX.
NEWS ABOUT ExTiX Light build 140815
I've made a new version of the lighter version of ExTiX. It uses Razor-qt as Desktop Environment, Slim as Login Manager and kernel 3.16.0-7-exton, equivalent to Kernel.org’s stable kernel 3.16, released 140803. (Razor-qt is an advanced, easy-to-use, and fast desktop environment based on Qt technologies. It has been tailored for users who value simplicity, speed, and an intuitive interface). My info/instructions below also apply to ExTiX Light. I.e. just log in as root (with password root) or extix (with no password) from Slim's login screen to Razor-qt.
NEWS ABOUT ExTiX 14.1.2 build 140804
All packages have been updated to the latest version by 140804. Vlc (installed from source to make it possible to run it when logged in as root) is in version 2.1.4. Kernel 3.15.0-6-exton has been replaced by kernel 3.16.0-5-exton. (Kernel.org's kernel 3.16.0-rc6, released 140718).
What's so special about ExTiX?
1. The ExTiX ISO (both versions) is now a ISO-hybrid, which means that it can very easily be transferred (copied) to a USB pen drive. You can then even run ExTiX from the USB stick and save all your system changes on the stick. I.e. you will enjoy persistence! I've found two scripts which make the installation to USB very simple. My tests show that they work flawlessly on USB installations of all normal Ubuntu systems. Read my INSTRUCTION how to use the scripts.
2. Another big improvement is that ExTiX (both versions) can run from RAM. Use Boot alternative 3 (Copy to RAM). When the system has booted up you can remove the disc (DVD) or USB stick. You'll need at least 2 GB RAM to run ExTiX that way.
3. ExTiX is now more stable than ever. All packages have been upgraded to the latest version by 140815 respectively 140804.
It is now possible to install Nvidia's proprietary drivers in ExTiX if you want or need it. Please read this instruction.
I've also installed version 2.1.5 of Vlc (in both versions of ExTiX) from source to make it possible to run Vlc when logged in as root.
6. I've replaced kernel 3.15.0-6-exton with kernel 3.16.0-5-exton (Kernel.org's kernel 3.16.0-rc6) in ExTiX build 140804. ExTiX Light build 140815 uses kernel 3.16.0-7-exton.
7. The installation program Ubiquity (live installer) is now working as intended in both versions of ExTiX. I.e. a new user (your user) will be created during the installation process.
My special kernels 3.16.0-7-exton/3.16.0-5-exton corresponding Kernel.org's kernels 3.16/3.16.0-rc6.
Feature OVERVIEW for the Linux 3.16 kernel
Program content etc.
Among many other programs Libre Office (replaced by AbiWord in ExTiX Light), Firefox, Thunderbird, GParted, Brasero, Vlc, Gimp and win32 codecs. In addition Java and all necessary additions in order to install programs from source. All programs have been updated to the latest available stable version as of August 15, 2014 respectivelyAugust 4, 2014.
There is no password for the ordinary user extix. The password for root is root. When logged in as extix you can use Sudo to become root. (Command: sudo su). If you want to log in to Gnome 3.10/Razor-qt as root you can do so. Sign in as root with password root. Click first on "Not listed?" on GDM's login screen (in ExTiX build 140804).
A general truth: If an original system can run on a particular computer an "Exton remaster" of the same original system can run on the same computer. I never change a Linux system for the worse in terms of auto configuration and hardware detection, etc. It happens that I replace the original kernel, but always to a "better" one with even more native support for various hardware etc. (Which I have done in this cases).
One big difference in ExTiX though: There is a password for root (and you can log in as root to Gnome and/or Razor-qt). After installation to hard drive ExTiX otherwise will behave exactly as any other Ubuntu system. You can even remove root's password (if you want). Command (as root): passwd root -l. Or change it with passwd root.
Installation to hard drive
Note that you in advance (just in case) should create a partition of at least 8 GB for ExTiX and a SWAP space double the size of your computer's RAM. Ie if you have RAM of 1024 MB or less. If you have RAM of 2 GB or more it's enough with a SWAP space of 2 GB. The installation program in ExTiX is otherwise "intuitive". Choose manual partitioning and select the partition you created in advance for installation. SAFE INSTALLATON: Do not change language/locale from default English during installation. NOTE re. ExTiX 14.1.2 build 140815 and 140804: If you want to add respositories with a command (for example: sudo apt-add-repository ppa:kubuntu-ppa/backports) you'll have change the first line in /etc/lsb-release to "DISTRIB_ID Ubuntu".
Read my instruction.
Change of locale/language
After a hard drive installation you can (of course) change the default language (English) settings. Login as root and go to System Settings >> Locale Support and install necessary language packages. Apply your settings System-Wide. Then edit /root/.bashrc and change at the bottom of that file en_US.UTF-8 to sv_SE.UTF-8 or your preferred language. Restart your computer and everything should be in your choosen language.
Create new users via System Settings
Go to Applications >> System Tools >> System Settings >> User Accounts. Click Unlock and give the root password. Add a new user with the plus sign. This is something you can to do after a hard drive install. You can alternatively create a new user with the command adduser MyUser (as root). NOTE: In both present versions of ExTiX a new user (your user) is created as intended during the installation process.
Changing the root password
If you install ExTiX to hard drive you should immediately (for security reasons) manually change root's password. This is because the installation program does not ask about a new root password. (Ubuntu original uses no root password). The root password is changed by running the command sudo passwd root. After installing ExTiX to hard drive, you can alternatively remove the root password altogether. This is done with the command sudo passwd root -l.
The ISO files (extix14.1.2-64bit-light-razorqt-usb-persistent-1210mb-140815.iso and extix-14.1.2-64bit-isoh-persistent-1450mb-140804.iso) can be downloaded from the Swedish Linux Society's server.
ExTiX 14.1.2 64bit Gnome and ExTiX Light 64bit (with Razor-qt) can also be downloaded from SourceForge.net - Fast, secure and free downloads from the largest Open Source applications and software directory.
A third download location for ExTiX is Softpedia.com - the encyclopedia of free software downloads!
md5sum for ExTiX Light ISO which is of 1210 MB.
md5sum for ExTiX 14.1.2 Gnome ISO which is of 1450 MB.
How do I run ExTiX?
In order to start from the DVD disc, first adjust the boot list in the BIOS Setup of your computer to boot from CD/DVD (before the hard drive). Put the DVD in and restart the computer. This Boot screen/menu will show after a reboot. Choose Boot alternative 1 (live), Boot alternative 2 (Persistent) or Boot alternative 3 (Copy to RAM). When the system has booted up you can remove the disc (DVD) or USB stick. (If you choose Boot alternative 3). You'll need at least 2 GB RAM to run ExTiX from RAM. You will run ExTiX as the ordinary user extix or as root. Root's password is root. There is no password for Live Session User extix. (That is for build 140815 and 140804 and of ExTiX. In previous versions of ExTiX the password for live is live). ExTiX (both versions) can also be installed to hard drive. The program is very easy to use. Be sure to have one install partition of about 8 GB ready in advance though. You can first test to run ExTiX live (from DVD or USB) and then start Ubiquity from the menu (Install ExTiX).
Normally, just start NetworkManager and do your settings. It pops up a box that alerts you that there is a Wireless network to join. Just insert your WAP/WEP password and connect! You can check which Wireless interface is correct by running the command iwconfig. Maybe your Ethernet interface is eth1 or eth2 (instead of eth0). Check with the command ifconfig. Then change in NetworkManager's Preferences and press Refresh! ExTiX Light uses Wicd instead of NetworkManager.
How do I install and remove programs?
ExTiX/Ubuntu/Debian uses Apt/Synaptic. The most important commands are apt-get update and apt-get install program-name. You can read about package management with Apt HERE. Apt/Synaptic works extremely well. You can also install programs in ExTiX from source using the commands 1) ./configure --prefix=/usr 2) make 3) make install.
CD/DVD-label for ExTiX
Other EXTON Linux Live CD/DVD's in English you may like
Exton|OS 64bit Linux Live DVD/CD » version 140801 and 140524 based on Ubuntu 14.04.1/14.04 LTS and Debian Jessie with Mate 1.6.2/Openbox 3.5.2 and kernel 3.16.0-5-exton/3.15.0-0-exton
ExTiX 14.1.2 64bit » version 140815 and 140804 based on Debian/Ubuntu 14.04.1 with Gnome 3.10 respectively Razor-qt 0.5.2 and kernel 3.16.0-7-exton respectively 3.16.0-5-exton
MeX 64bit Linux » version 140604 based on Linux Mint 17 Qiana with Cinnamon 2.2 and kernel 3.15.0-0-exton
LFA (Linux For All) 14.04.1 64bit DVD » version 140817 based on Ubuntu 14.04.1 with Unity, three (3) other Desktop Environments and kernel 3.16.0-7-exton
EXTON OpSuS 13.1 Mini/Gnome/KDE Linux live USB » version 140119, 140117 respectively 131124 based on openSUSE 13.1 with Fluxbox/Gnome 3.10/KDE 4.11.3 Desktop environments. Coming as IMAGE files for direct installation on a USB pen drive
ExLight Live DVD 64bit » version 140812 based on Ubuntu 14.04.1 with Enlightenment 0.19 and kernel 3.16.0-5-exton
ArchEX Linux Dual boot 64bit/32bit Linux Live DVD » version 140507 based on Arch Linux with kernel 3.14.2-1-ARCH and LXDE
CruxEX 3.1 64bit 2014 Linux Live USB » version 140726 based on CRUX 3.1 with LXDE and kernel 3.15.6-x86_64-exton
SlackEX 64bit Live DVD » version 140831 based on Slackware 14.1 with KDE 4.10.5 and kernel 3.16.1-x86_64-exton
Exton|Defender Linux Super Rescue System version 140407 - 64 bit - based on Fedora 20 with Cinnamon 2.0.14, version 140403 - 32bit - based on Mageia 4 with LXDE and version 140410 - 64bit - based on Slackware 14.1 with Xfce 4.10
EXTON MultiBootCD 6-OS » version 140615 with six (6) different mini Linux Systems
exGENT Linux Live DVD 64bit » version 140207 based on Gentoo with LXDE and genkernel 3.13.1-gentoo-exton
PuppEX 14.1 Linux Live CD 32bit » version 131212 based on Puppy Linux Slacko 5.6 with LXDE and kernel 3.10.5
DebEX Barebone/KDE 64bit Live DVD » version 140819 and 140821 based on Debian Jessie with Xfce 4.10.1 respectively KDE 4.13.3 and kernel 3.14.2-amd64 respectively 3.16.0-7-exton
ExTiX >> PayPal
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Screenshot of the standard live Desktop - ExTiX 14.1.2 with Gnome 3.10
See also a screenshot of root's Gnome 3.10 Desktop
ExTiX's boot menu
Screenshot of the live Desktop in ExTiX Light with Razor-qt 0.5.2
EXTON distributions: The number of Exton distributions has decreased from 66 (all time high in June 2011) to 14. See a complete LIST. It was a bit too much for me to keep 66 distributions up to date. All Exton distributions on the Swedish Linux Society's FTP Server can be reached HERE. All exton distributions in English (English locale) can also be dowloaded from SourceForge.net.